By Holy Trinity Oct 16, 2011
Lutherans are Christians who accept the teachings of German theologian Martin Luther (1483 – 1546). Luther became one of the most influential figures in Christian history when he began the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. He realized that there were significant differences between what he read in the Bible and the practices of the Roman Catholic Church at that time. In 1517, Pope Leo X announced a new round of “indulgences” to pay for the building of St. Peter’s Basilica. On October 31, 1517, a very angry Martin Luther posted a challenge on the door of Wittenberg University, titled “95 Theses” (to debate 95 theological issues). Aided by the recent invention of the printing press, copies of his Theses spread throughout Germany and Europe. During his very tense arguments and evental excommunication with the Catholic church, his hope was that the church would reform its practice and preaching to be more consistent with the Word of God as contained in the Bible.
What started as an academic debate escalated into a distinct separation between the Roman Catholic Church of the time and those who accepted Luther’s suggested reforms. “Lutheran” became the name of the group that agreed with Luther’s convictions.
Today, nearly five centuries later, Lutherans still celebrate the Reformation on October 31 and still hold to the basic principles of Luther’s theological teachings, such as Grace alone, faith alone, Scripture alone.
These comprise the very essence of Lutheranism:
Over the years, different Lutheran church bodies have been established and organized to meet the needs of Lutherans in communities and nations all over the world. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America is the largest Lutheran group in North America, founded in 1988 when three North American Lutheran church bodies united: The American Lutheran Church, the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches and the Lutheran Church in America. Learn more about the History of the ELCA.
Lutherans are part of a reforming movement within the whole Christian church; as a part of practicing their faith, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and its predecessors have engaged in ecumenical dialogue with other church bodies for decades. In fact, the ELCA has entered into cooperative “full communion” agreements (sharing common convictions about theology, mission and worship) with several other Protestant denominations, including:
The ELCA has an ongoing dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church, and in 1999, representatives of the Lutheran World Federation and the Roman Catholic Church signed the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification. This represented a historic consensus on key issues of faith and called for further dialogue and study together.
To learn more about these ecumenical relationships, visit Ecumenical and Inter-Religious Relations.
Lutheranism is a faith tradition that is open to all, regardless of background. The ELCA alone is almost five million members strong, with nearly 10,500 congregations across the U.S., Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In fact, there’s probably an ELCA congregation right in your community (Find a congregation.) We welcome you to learn more about our church and find out how we can help you along life’s path.
(Most of this description is taken from the ELCA website)